Saharanpur is located at 29.97°N 77.55°E, Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. – Saharanpur about 140 kilometers (87 mi) south-southeast of Chandigarh, 170 kilometers (110 mi) north-northeast of Delhi, and about 68 kilometers (42 mi) south-west of Dehradun. It has an average elevation of 269 meters (883 ft). Saharanpur is a part of a geographical doab region.
Situated close to the borders of Haryana, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh states, the city is surrounded by a fertile agricultural region that produces plentiful grains and fruits. Saharanpur is known for its wood carving cottage industry as well as a thriving market for local agricultural produce, including basmati rice, vegetables; Horticulture produces including litchis, mangoes, guavas etc, Gur and Sugar. District have 33229 Hectares of Forest. A variety of industrial enterprises are located here including textiles, sugar, paper and cigarette factory (ITC). It is located at trijunction of 3 states- Himanchal Pradesh, Haryana and Uttarakhand situated about 550 km from the capital city Lucknow, 164 km from National Capital of India Delhi, 70 km away from the Dehradun, Capital of Uttarakhand and 139 km from Chandigarh. Saharanpur is famous for sugarcane production and plywood work.
Saharanpur district has attained the status as Saharanpur division in 1997 of Uttar Pradesh. Saharanpur city has attained the status as Saharanpur nagar nigam on 01.10.2009 and is 13th municipal corporation in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Saharanpur District as well as Saharanpur Division. Saharanpur is famous for its wood carving cottage industry and earn foreign exchange as well. As regards its physical features, the north and the northeast of the district is surrounded by Shivalik hills and separates it from the Dehradun district Uttaranchal state. The river Yamuna forms its boundary in the west which separates it from Karnal and Yamunanagar districts of Haryana. In the East lies the district of Haridwar (of Uttaranchal state presently) which was the part of district Saharanpur before 1989 and in the south lies the district Muzaffarnagar. At the time of the British Rule district Muzaffarnagar was also a part of district Saharanpur.
The district is in a rectangular shape and it lies between 29 degrees 34 minutes 45 seconds and 30 degrees 21 minutes 30 seconds north latitude and 77 degrees 9 minutes and 78 degrees 14 minutes 45 seconds east longitude. Its total area is 3689 square Kilometers. Saharanpur is primarily an agricultural district.
Globally, a large section of the population lives in urban areas as compared to rural areas. Presently, over 50% of the global population lives in urban cities, which was nearly 30% in the year 1950. People mainly migrate to urban areas for better employment opportunities, healthcare and educational facilities as well as improved livability and higher standards of living. Inevitably, this rapid expansion and urbanization is putting a strain on the infrastructure, environment and social fabric of cities.
Rapid urbanization is taking place in India and is following the global megatrend and more than 30% of the country’s population resides in urban area. State of Uttar Pradesh has shown a positive urban growth pattern and as per Census 2011, the percentage of urban population to total population of the State is 11.80%.
The cities in India require comprehensive development of physical, institutional, social and economic infrastructure. Development of Smart Cities is a step in that direction. The objective is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘Smart’ Solutions. The Government of India has rolled out Smart City Mission with the aim of driving economic growth and improving quality of life by enabling local area development and harnessing technology, especially technology that lead to smart outcomes.